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From an early age we must teach children to take care of their teeth through habits that help them prevent oral health problems, in addition to monitoring and diagnosing periodontal diseases and malocclusions as soon as possible.
The appearance of cavities It is one of the most common problems in children and generally occurs due to lack of hygiene or the type of diet. The most important thing is to teach them good habits, teach them to take care of their teeth with a healthy diet and continuous dental cleaning.
How does tooth decay occur? The appearance of cavities occurs when there is a destruction of the hard tissues of the tooth. Dental plaque is essential for the establishment of cavities; Its dense, yellowish layer consists of diverse microorganisms that adhere to the surface of the tooth and its formation depends on the following factors:
- Lack of dental hygiene.
- An unhealthy diet.
- Anatomy and a bad position of the teeth.
- Concentration of high amounts of lactic acid in saliva.
To better understand the formation of cavities, it is necessary to explain the stages that make up this process:
1 - If oral health is neglected and especially sweet products are consumed, after hours or days a thick layer of tartar forms in the fissures, on the surfaces and in the vicinity of the gums. The microorganisms in the plaque transform the sugar into acid, which begins to accumulate in small quantities in places where saliva does not reach.
2 - Once the acid is formed, This produces partial dissolution of the enamel and this is how whitish spots appear and the normal shine of the tooth is lost.
3 - When cavities affect dentin It is when pain appears, especially with cold, heat, or sweet and the problem can become chronic if it affects the dental pulp.
For maintain proper oral health in children, It is advisable:
- From two or three years go to the dentist once a year to check the child's teeth and of course go to him at the beginning of a cavity.
- Restrict the consumption of carbohydrates and especially sugars, since the sucrose metabolized by the microorganisms of dental plaque is the one that will form the acid that demineralizes the enamel.
- Use fluoride toothpaste, since this helps the formation of fluuropathy crystals, which coat the tooth and make it resistant to cavities.
- Tooth brushing it is the most recommended method to prevent and avoid cavities. It should be started from the first moment that children's teeth appear, with the parents being responsible for cleaning them. It is necessary to carry out a thorough cleaning of the teeth after all meals of the day, any brushing method is valid as long as it includes all the surfaces of the teeth, facial, lingual and areas of occlusion. Above all, do not forget that other methods such as mouthwashes should not replace tooth brushing.
Another of the points to highlight to maintain good oral health is the dental malocclusion, which consists of the lack of fit between the upper teeth with the lower ones.
Some of the causes that can cause a malocclusion are:
- Permanent sucking of the thumb or pacifier.
- Premature loss of primary teeth.
- Nasal obstruction due to excessive enlargement of adenoids or tonsils, which force mouth breathing with snoring and facial deformity.
Although thedental malocclusion It is considered temporary and in general during childhood it corrects itself. We must be vigilant and in the event of any problem of this nature, take the child to the orthodontist as soon as possible to evaluate possible solutions.
You can read more articles similar to Children's oral health, in the On-Site Dental Care category.