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According to a study published in 2010 called 'Sleep disorders during pregnancy', between 66 and 94% of pregnant women reported having had any problems with sleep during pregnancy. These disorders are caused by physical, hormonal and physiological changes that occur as a result of pregnancy. Many can be started from the beginning, however it is in the third trimester when they are accentuated.
These problems related to sleep could be classified as follows:
- Insomnia: It is one of the most common sleep disorders during pregnancy. Understood as problems falling asleep, nocturnal awakenings and poor restful sleep. When they occur in the first trimester, they are usually due to the anxiety and excitement of the incipient pregnancy or to the discomfort caused by the typical nausea of this moment; However, from the third trimester onwards, the causes are different: back pain, difficulty finding posture, need to urinate frequently, reflux or heartburn, baby movements. It seems that lack of physical exercise and multiparity (having more than one child) exacerbate the problem.
- Excessive daytime sleepiness: it is due many times as a result of insomnia or some other disorder such as apnea. It is more accentuated in the first and third quarters. During the first trimester the cause is usually mainly hormonal, since progesterone has a hypnotic effect, while in the last stage it is related to lack of rest due to other causes. It could help to take a nap during the day, to allow rest, since most women who suffer from this disorder notice a change in character, difficulty concentrating ...
- Restless Leg Syndrome: it is common the appearance during the third trimester. It is a neurological process for which the causes are unknown, although it seems that there is some genetic component. In pregnancy there is a decrease in iron levels, which can cause this syndrome in which the pregnant woman experiences motor restlessness in the legs, which forces her to move from one side to the other, even to get up, making it difficult to rest.
- Snoring and sleep apnea: the main causes are usually obesity, which worsens with pregnancy, and gestational diabetes. In addition, pregnancy seems to aggravate those women who already had this sleep disorder.
Sleep disorders negatively affect the woman's experience of her pregnancy, but we can also find some study that says that they can affect the type of delivery and even have consequences on the health of the future baby. These women are thought to have longer labors.
It is very important to define if sleep problems are caused by unhealthy lifestyles such as obesity or sedentary lifestyle, since we could greatly improve the quality of life of pregnant women.
You can read more articles similar to Sleep disorders during pregnancy, in the category of Diseases - annoyances on site.