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What if the Montessori system, no, what better the Waldorf system ... In the end, we have doubts. Which one will be the best? Although the first question to answer may be this other: do you know them? Do you know what each of these alternative educational systems is based on? What is the difference between them?
We offer you a selection of the main educational learning systems. We look for the differences and similarities between the best alternative education systems for children. And here is the result.
There are many types of alternative education systems to the conventional one. Some have similarities but also some differences. We explain what each of them is based on and what differentiates them from the rest. Perhaps this way you can reflect on which one you prefer for your child's education. Here you have them: these are the best alternative education systems for children, with its pros and cons:
1. Montessori educational system: Educational system very followed around the world. It was created by the Italian pedagogue María Montessori, and is based on learning as something attractive and fun through play and respect for the individualities and the rhythm of learning of each child. The protagonist of learning is the child, and didactic methods are used in order to learn. Its basic pillars ?: autonomy of the child, freedom, right to choose, self-discipline and development of will.
2. Constructivist method: The point is not that the child learns everything by heart, but rather that he learns to use the different educational tools at his disposal to use the knowledge he needs to face life. It is a very practical learning method.
3. Waldorf method: It is an educational system created by the Swiss philosopher Rudolf Steiner. The truth is that it shares many similarities with the Montessori method, in the sense that it seeks to train children so that in the future they can renew society. For this, the focus is on each child, on their skills and creativity and on how they can use them for the global good of society. There is no pressure from exams and grades and the aim is to enhance individual skills without forgetting to encourage teamwork.
4. Pikler Pedagogy: The Pikler philosophy is based on the independence and autonomy of the child, from a very young age. It draws on attachment theory, Montessori philosophy and, to a large extent, constructivism as well. For children to achieve their goals, they say, you need to be autonomous, but for this, you need a lot of affection and a strong attachment to the people who surround you, care for you and educate you.
5. Democratic schools: Out with hierarchies! Teachers are just children and decisions are made together. In these schools, the children's curiosity to learn is encouraged and they are left to decide what they want to learn and when. Their ways of working are based on democratic principles. There are no qualifications but there are penalties. When someone does something wrong, the rest of the children meet in an assembly to discuss a possible solution. If they cannot find it, a 'punishment' can be established.
6. Amara Berri System: Based on experimentation, the Amara Berri educational system (San Sebastián, Spain) is committed to a practical, and less theoretical, educational model. That children can learn by testing, researching and analyzing. Teachers do not give them answers, but help them find them. The learning rhythm of each child is respected and the skills of each one are enhanced. The classrooms are practical places: mathematics is learned by forming a market, oral expression and debate are promoted, critical thinking ...
7. Free school: It is a totally alternative educational system, which is located outside the official educational system. It is based on respecting the child's learning pace and fostering curiosity, creativity and personal development. They pick up the baton from the old humanist schools.
8. Paulo Freire Popular School: The creator is a Brazilian educator (Paulo Freire) who is committed to an alternative to classical education for all children, not just for those who can afford it. His ideal is to get children with critical thinking, promote freedom of thought and creativity and of course, get more independent children who are curious to learn, who know how to make an effort and persevere in the achievement of their goals. Its educational system (created in 2005) seeks to involve children in reality so that in the future they can change the world.
9. Day Mothers: They are a recent alternative to classic nurseries. They are people specialized in children (pedagogues, child psychologists) who present a warmer and more personalized educational method to babies from 0 to 3 years old. They also have a food handling degree and a first aid course. They welcome children into their home and offer them a familiar environment and a mix in their educational system between the Montessori, Waldorf or Pikler modalities.
10. Reggio Emilia Philosophy: An educational system that was born in 1945 in northern Italy. The name is given by the town where he was born: Reggio Emilia, although its founder is called Loris Malaguzzi. It is so valued around the world that even Harvard University itself studies it as a role model. Its basic principles? The child is the protagonist. The educator is only a companion on his learning journey. It is also your guide to help you at all times. The rhythm of each child must be respected and their curiosity to learn and discover the world must be enhanced. The design of the classrooms respond to an educational and practical reason. It is a harmonious design where children are well. Families, on the other hand, have an active and very important participation.
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