Reading difficulties in children with ADHD

Reading difficulties in children with ADHD

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The Attention Deficit and / or Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) affects not only the behavior of our children, their attention span or the affective and social development of the child.

In general, children with ADHD have or may have learning difficulties, especially reading and writing, math, and math.

Some difficulties that children with ADHD may present are:

- Poor reading comprehension, errors in reading such as skipping letters, lines or changing words, or slow reading, or syllable.

- In writing they can present spelling difficulties, poor spelling, letters or words are eaten or incorrectly joined or separated.

- They can have difficulties in math, (For example, when carrying out operations, forgetting the ones that are carried, or not noticing that it is an addition and doing a subtraction).

- Steps are skipped in procedures or questions on exams.

- They are impulsive when it comes to exercisingTherefore, by not stopping to think, they can make mistakes, omit important data or relevant information.

All this causes their performance to be lower than expected, they become frustrated, and they become unmotivated about school assignments.

Difficulties in reading (and writing) in children with ADHD can be related, on the one hand, to an associated dyslexia (what we call comorbidity) and, on the other, to the attention difficulties themselves:

- Reading requires them to be attentive for a generally long time, and their attentional difficulties make them fatigue quickly and that fatigue makes them stop paying attention to the content of what they read, therefore they do not assimilate it. In addition, they tend to be distracted by what they get lost in reading and therefore also lose the thread of what they are reading.

- They can also present reading errors such as missing letters or words, (they "eat" them), substitution of a word for a similar one, (cake for one-eyed, for example), skip lines, or present a level of reading development below what is expected for their age, (syllable, mechanical reading and not automatic, that is, they still read by converting letters into sounds and not extracting the meaning of words). All this makes them logically lose information when they read or their understanding of the message is distorted.

That is, in children with ADHD, there is often a double disorder, on the one hand the specific and specific attention deficit with or without hyperactivity, and on the other a specific learning disorder, affecting the reading and writing processes. And although there is no agreement about the causes of the relationship between the two, all authors agree that the specific difficulties of each disorder favor the development of the other.

With these children who have ADHD and also have reading and writing difficulties, it is advisable to follow a training in reading, guided and guided by a professional in this area. This work plan with the child aims to work on all those skills related to reading (phonological awareness, semantics, reading comprehension techniques, training in self-instructions ...).

Some strategies that can help these children in reading can be, (in addition to individual work by the appropriate expert):

- Allow them to use a card, plastic or folio that they put under the line they are reading, and they go down it as they go, so they don't skip lines or get lost when they read.

- Work on visual spelling, so that they learn the "form" of the word and not the specific spelling rule.

- Train reading starting from syllable reading, and later words, short sentences, and little by little increasing the length and difficulty of the texts.

- Allow him train reading at home If he has to read aloud at school, that is, at home the day before he practices what the teacher tells him to read, and thus when he reads it in class it is easier for him and he does not have as much anxiety about the reading.

- Point at them or what point out the keywords in the sentences of the problems or exercises of the school, so that they can better locate the relevant information.

- Adapt the reading texts to your needs, (increasing the letter for example, or the level, or letting them see the text to answer the questions of what was read).

These strategies or supports serve the child in their day to day, but as we said before, individualized work that addresses the academic, cognitive and emotional areas of the child with ADHD is essential.

You can read more articles similar to Reading difficulties in children with ADHD, in the category of hyperactivity and attention deficit on site.

Video: How To Get A Kid With ADHD To Focus (June 2022).